In the 19th century, a phenomenon shook Europe: the turning tables. In elegant lounges the tables were a target for curiosity and extensive reporting, as they moved, rose in the air and responded to questions by strikes on the ground (typtology). The phenomenon attracted the attention of a serious researcher, a disciple of the famous Johann Pestalozzi: Hippolyte Leon Denizard Rivail.


Rivail, French teacher, fluent in several languages, textbook author and advocate of rigorous scientific method did not immediately accept the phenomena of table-turning, but studied them carefully, noting that an intelligent force drove them and investigated the nature of this force, which identified itself as the "spirits of men" who had died. Rivail made hundreds of questions to the spirits, analyzed the responses, compared them and codified them, all undergoing the test of reason, not accepting and not disclosing anything that did not go accordingly with this sieve. Thus, The Spirits' Book was born. Professor Rivail was immortalized in adopting the pseudonym of Allan Kardec. 


The Doctrine codified has scientific, philosophic and religious characters. This proposed alliance between science and religion is expressed in Kardec's book "The Genesis According To Spiritism":

“Spiritim, marching with progress, will never be outdated because if discoveries demonstrate it to be in error on a certain point, it would modify this point; if a new truth is revealed, it will accept it”.